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West Nile General Information
Provided by the Texas Department of State Health Services

The most important things you can do to reduce the risk of exposure to West Nile virus is to eliminate mosquito-breeding areas in your environment and limit your exposure to feeding mosquitos. Here are some simple things you can do to eliminate potential mosquito breeding sites around your home and neighborhood; let's all be part of the solution.

  • Do not allow water to accumulate in the saucers of flowerpots, cemetery urns, or in pet dishes for more than 2 days.
  • Get rid of tin cans, old tires, buckets, unused plastic swimming pools or other containers that collect and hold water.
  • Clean debris from rain gutters, remove standing water from flat roofs, and repair leaks around faucets and air conditioners.
  • Change the water in bird baths and wading pools at least once a week.
  • Fill or drain puddles, ditches and swampy areas.
  • Check for trapped water in plastic or canvas tarps used to cover boats or pools, and arrange the tarp to drain water.
  • If ditches do not flow and contain stagnant water for a week or longer, report the problem.

The risk of someone becoming infected with West Nile is very low. Even in areas where the virus is circulating, very few mosquitoes are infected with the virus. Even if the mosquito is infected, less than 1% of people who get bitten and become infected will get severely ill. The chances you will become severely ill from any one mosquito bite is extremely small; let's keep the chances even smaller by addressing potential breeding areas in our community.

Your best defense is to practice these habits, known as the “Four Ds”:
  1. Use insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin or oil of lemon eucalyptus.
  2. Dress in long sleeves and long pants when you are outside.
  3. Stay indoors at dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active.
  4. Drain standing water where mosquitoes breed. Common breeding sites include old tires, flowerpots and clogged rain gutters.

Flu General Information
Provided by the Texas Department of State Health Services

How the Flu Spreads
Person to Person - People with the flu can spread it to others up to about 6 feet away through cough, sneeze or talk (droplet transmission).  These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of nearby people or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.  Less often, a person might also get flu by touching an object that has the flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth or nose.

Five simple steps to reduce getting or spreading the flu:
  1. Get vaccinated.
  2. Wash hands frequently.
  3. Cover coughs and sneezes.
  4. Stay home if you are sick.
  5. Convince others around you to follow steps 1-4.

The Flu is Contagious
Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before  day symptoms develop and up to 5-7 days after becoming sick.  Children may pass the virus for longer than 7 days.  Symptoms start 1-4 days after the virus enters your body.  That means that you may be able to pass on the flu before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick. 

Content provided and maintained by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Quick Links:

West Nile General Information and Current Case Count

Fact Sheet

Insect Repellant

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Quick Links:

Current Flu Information

Daily Preventative Actions


City of Kerrville
701 Main Street
Kerrville, TX 78028